The final stamp of approval on the music from the producers/directors.
Feedback from the directors and/or producers to the composer about the music and what changes need to be made to make it fit seamlessly to the picture.
A mockup using sampled virtual instruments, which are ‘performed’ into the computer (generally using a music keyboard) which allows the creative team to hear how the music will sound before it is performed by real musicians.
A set of services to provide to the creative team. For example, you may need to send audio files to the mix engineer for the music to be mixed. The audio files would be considered ‘deliverables’.
A DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) is a software used by musicians which enables them to write and record music into the computer. Logic Pro is one of many DAW’s that are considered industry standard.
Taking a musical idea and distributing it across the instrumentation of the track. This includes taking all of the elements such as melodies, counter melodies and harmonies, and choosing which instruments play them.
Taking a pre-existing fully orchestrated track and rearranging which instruments to play the tune and harmonies etc. For example, you may want to rearrange a track that was originally played by a rock band for an orchestra. You might take the chugging electric guitar chords and have those spread out across the string section instead.
This is a screening preview before the film is released in cinemas or on a streaming service. Usually, the audience is asked to fill in a questionnaire and it provides feedback about what is or isn’t good about the film.
Musical Instrument Digital Interface: the note information that is used inside the computer; for example, the pitch and the length of the note. The orchestrator can take the MIDI from the composer and turn it into sheet music, ready to be performed by musicians.
Digital Audio Workstation: this includes programmes such as Pro Tools, Logic Pro and Cubase to name a few. DAWs enable the user to write and ‘perform’ music into them. Rather than writing music down onto manuscript, composers and songwriters can now create music inside the computer using a DAW by recording MIDI or audio into it.
A string technique whereby the string is plucked rather than bowed.
A string technique whereby the string is bowed.
The end section of a piece of music.
A piece of music.
A spreadsheet which lists all of the individual cues within the project, and all of the instruments used within each cue. It helps to keep track of what instruments are used within each cue. Before the music gets placed on the music stand, every part is checked against the cue sheet to double-check that it has been printed and not missed out.
A copyist is somebody who formats the parts for the musicians. They take the orchestrator’s notation software file and tidy the parts (the music that the players read from), to ensure that they are easy to read, which saves studio time. They may also format the score (the music that the conductor and everyone in the control room read from) to make things as easy as possible for everyone to sight-read. The copyist is also in charge of printing and collating all of the music for the recording session.